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Science and Philosophy

Spaceflight Veterans

Astronauts and cosmonauts who have flown missions in the U.S. and Soviet/Russian space programs since the first manned spaceflights in 1961.

  • Judith A. Resnick (born 1949, died 1986)

    American astronaut.

    • Astronaut on Discovery (1984), killed on Challenger (1986)
  • Tamara E. Jernigan (born 1959)

    American astronaut, physicist and astronomer.

    • Astronaut on Columbia (1991, 1992, 1996), Endeavour (1995)
  • Shannon W. Lucid (born 1943)

    American astronaut and biochemist. Set an American record for length of time spent in space on a single mission (188 days).

    • Astronaut on Discovery (1985), Atlantis (1989, 1991, 1996), Columbia (1993)
  • Valentina V. Tereshkova

    Soviet cosmonaut. The first woman in space.

    • Cosmonaut on Vostok 6 (1963)
  • Svetlana Savitskaya (born 1948)

    Russian astronaut.

    • Cosmonaut on Soyuz T-7 (1982), Soyuz T-12 (1984)
  • Sally K. Ride (born 1951)

    American astronaut. The first American woman in space.

    • Mission specialist on Challenger (1983, 1984)
  • Kathryn D. Sullivan

    American astronaut.

    • Astronaut on Challenger (1984), Discovery (1990), Atlantis (1992)
  • Anna L. Fisher (born 1949, died 1982)

    American astronaut.

    • Astronaut on Discovery (1984)
  • Margaret Rhea Seddon (born 1947)

    American astronaut.

    • Astronaut on Discovery (1985), Columbia (1991, 1993)
  • Bonnie J. Dunbar (born 1949)

    American astronaut and engineer.

    • Astronaut on Challenger (1985), Columbia (1990, 1992), Atlantis (1995), Endeavour (1998)
  • Mary L. Cleave

    American astronaut.

    • Astronaut on Atlantis (1985, 1989)
  • Ellen S. Baker (born 1953)

    American astronaut.

    • Astronaut on Atlantis (1989, 1995) and Columbia (1992)
  • Kathryn C. Thornton (born 1952)

    American astronaut and physicist.

    • Astronaut on Discovery (1989), Endeavour (1992, 1993), Columbia (1995)
  • Marsha S. Ivins (born 1951)

    American astronaut.

    • Astronaut on Columbia (1990), Atlantis (1992, 1997)
  • Linda M. Godwin (born 1952)

    American astronaut and physicist.

    • Astronaut on Atlantis (1991), Endeavour (1994), Atlantis (1996)
  • Helen Sharman
    • On Soyuz TM-12 (1991)
  • Millie Hughes-Fulford

    NASA astronaut.

    • Astronaut on Columbia (1991)
  • Roberta L. Bondar

    Canadian astronaut.

    • Astronaut on Discovery (1992), Endeavor (1994)
  • N. Jan Davis (born 1953)

    American astronaut and mechanical engineer.

    • Astronaut on Endeavour (1992), Discovery (1994, 1997)
  • Mae Carol Jemison (born 1956)

    American physician, engineer and astronaut. First African-American woman in space.

    • Astronaut on Endeavor (1992)
  • Susan J. Helms (born 1958)

    American astronaut.

    • Astronaut on Endeavour (1993), Discovery (1994), Columbia (1996)
  • Ellen Ochoa (born 1958)

    American astronaut.

    • Mission specialist on Discovery (1993); first Hispanic woman in space
  • Nancy Jane Sherlock (born 1958)

    American astronaut.

    • Astronaut on Endeavor (1993)
  • Janice E. Voss (born 1956)

    American astronaut and aeronautical/astronautical engineer

    • Astronaut on Endeavour (1993), Discovery (1995), Columbia (1997)
  • Yelena V. Kondakova (born 1957)

    Russian cosmonaut.

    • Cosmonaut on Soyuz TM-20 (1994), mission specialist on Atlantis (1997)
  • Eileen Marie Collins (born 1956)

    American astronaut. The first female space-shuttle pilot (1995).

    • Astronaut on Discovery (1995), Atlantis (1997)
  • Wendy B. Lawrence (born 1959)

    American astronaut.

    • Astronaut on Endeavour (1995), Atlantis (1997)
  • Nancy J. Currie (born 1958)

    American astronaut and industrial engineer.

    • Astronaut on Discovery (1995)
  • Mary E. Weber (born 1962)

    American astronaut, chemist, and champion skydiver.

    • Astronaut on Discovery (1995)
  • Catherine G. ''Cady'' Coleman (born 1960)

    American astronaut and engineer.

    • Astronaut on Columbia (1995)
  • Susan Leigh Still (born 1961)

    American astronaut.

    • Astronaut on Columbia (1997)
  • Kalpana Chawla

    Indian-born American astronaut and aerospace engineer.

    • Astronaut on Columbia (1997)
  • Kathryn P. Hire (born 1959)

    American astronaut.

    • Astronaut on Columbia (1998)

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