Its source is oliva, a Latin name meaning "Olive."
The name Olevia ranked 4121st in popularity for females of all ages in a sample of the 1990 US Census.
Though this name appears on the 1990 U.S. Census lists, it is used by only a small percentage of the general population.
This was introduced by Shakespeare as the name of a much-wooed aristocrat in his play Twelfth Night (1599). The derivation given assumes that his source was the olive plant, but he might have conceived the name as a female form of Oliver.